Capital of the Kingdom of Cambodia is Phnom Penh. Inland area: 181,035 Km2.
Located on the eastern coast of the South-East Asian Indochinese Peninsula,
Cambodia shares its borders with Thailand to the West, Thailand and Laos to
the North, Vietnam to the East and the Gulf of Thailand to the Southeast.
The country has a coastline of 435 km and the two dominant topographies vary
from coastal plains to mountain ranges. Cambodia has 13.4 million
inhabitants. The dominant religion is Theravada Buddhism.
official currency is the Riel (r) although US dollars are widely accepted.
The exchange rate is US$ 1 = 4000 Riel. Traveler's cheques can be cashed
only at major banks
Master cards, JCB, CCB and American Express are now accepted in high-end
hotels, restaurants and shops in the main cities of Cambodia, such as Phnom
Penh, Siem Reap and Sihanoukville. You can also get cash advances
with your credit card at the Canada Bank in Phnom Penh.
has a tropical monsoon climate with two seasons: dry from October to May and
rainy from June to October. During the rainy season it usually rains only
during the evening or early morning hours. Temperatures are warm year round.
Health & medical
Inoculation for yellow fever is a legal requirement for entry into Cambodia
for people coming from infected areas. There is otherwise no vaccination
required, but visitors are advised to receive inoculations against hepatitis
A and B, typhoid and tetanus. Tablets for malaria are not necessary although
doctors still recommend them. Phnom Penh and Siem Reap have good hospitals
staffed with foreign medical personnel.
Tap water is
available in all hotels in Cambodia. According to Cambodian authorities, tap
water is well treated and cleaned. It is absolutely suitable for drinking.
Cambodian people usually use tap water for their daily life as well!
However by the time
it gets to your tap, it may be not cleaned as it was. So, for foreigner
traveler in Cambodia, the best way to use water in Cambodia is bottled
water. It is the only thing you should ever drink or brush your teeth with.
Of course, tap water
in Cambodia is ok for bath!
its opening to foreign tourist, Cambodia is served by many airlines. As a
Cambodian tourist hub, Siem reap is the busiest airport in Cambodia. There
are many flights connecting Bangkok Siem Reap, Hong Kong Siem Reap, Seoul
Siem Reap... They are operated both by domestic and international airlines
such as: Siem Reap Airways, Dragon Air, Thai Airway, Tiger Airway, Air Asia,
Asiana Airlines....It is the same with Phnom Penh Capital which is the
official gate to enter Cambodia.
important also to have look at the transport between Phnom Penh and Siem
There are only two domestic routes:
Phnom Penh - Siem Reap: Siem Reap Airways is the most reliable operator on
this route, offering four daily 55-minute flights using French ATR-72
Phnom Penh - Banlung: PMTair has flights on Mondays and Wednesdays, using
Antonov An-24 turboprops.
Boat, fery operate along many of the major rivers in Cambodia and
from its neighboring countries. Major routes include Ho Chi Minh city to
Phnom Penh, Phnom Penh to Siem Reap, Siem Reap to Battambang, and
Sihanoukville to Koh Kong.
Boats are slower
than road transport but much more interesting with sightseeing on cultural
river of Mekong.
To/from Vietnam -
cruising on Mekong river from Ho Chi Minh City to Phnom Penh by boat, or by
combination of road and boat is now one of the favorite trip for tourist
coming to Vietnam and Cambodia. Please see our Mekong cruise tours.
To/from Laos - There
is one border crossing for tourists on the Mekong, a 90 minute speedboat
ride north of Stung Treng. The border guards have few opportunities for
"alternative" income, and will usually try to make a few extra dollars from
To/from Phnom Penh - Siem Reap: High speed boat and some luxury cruise
plying between Phnom Penh and Siem Reap on Mekong river nowadays attract
more and more tourist.
The boat trip between Siem Reap and Battambang takes longer (especially in
the dry season), and is less comfortable and more expensive than taking a
seat in a share taxi, but is favored by some travelers for its up-close view
of subsistence farming (and hundreds of waving children) along the river.
Minh City - Phnom Penh: It can be interesting to go by tour (3 days) on the
Mekong delta from Ho Chi Minh City to Phnom Penh. Bus tickets can also be
bought for a bus to Moc Bai on the Vietnam side of the border and then
another bus from Bavet on the Cambodian side to Phnom Penh.
Bangkok - Siem Reap:
This route is in better shape than it once was but still a bit of a hassle,
particularly when entering Cambodia. On this route, tourist bus employees
often take kickbacks from restaurants and guesthouses they suggest, and
tourist buses will stay at rest ss for 2-3 hours or feign mechanical
problems, extending the travel to 12 or more hours, which usually makes
tourists too tired to argue when arriving at an overpriced guesthouse.
Sihanoukville: Starting in Bangkok, catch a bus to Trat, and from there a
minibus to the border. After crossing into Cambodia there are two
possibilities - the once-daily boat to Sihanoukville (can be unpleasant in
adverse weather), or else a minibus or taxi to either Sihanoukville or Phnom
Penh (note that most of the road is not sealed and conditions vary
considerably, depending on time of year and maintenance).
Cambodian food is closely related to the cuisines of neighboring Thailand
and Laos and, to a lesser extent, Vietnam, however there are some distinct
local dishes as well. The overall consensus is that Khmer cooking is like
Thai cuisine without being spicy. Curries, stir fried vegetables, rice,
noodles and soups are staples of the Khmer diet. Cambodia is well known in
the region for its Prahok, a strong, fermented fish paste used in a variety
of traditional dishes.
Cambodia all sorts of goods and manufactured products can be found. From
antiques, silver items, jewelry and gems, to silk, Cambodia offers a large
range of beautiful handicraft products. Prices displayed are usually fixed,
but in other cases bargaining is recommended.
You must first
ensure your passport will be valid for at least 6 months after your return
Visas can be acquired directly at Cambodian Embassies and Consulates abroad
or by visa on arrival at the international checkpoints of Pochentong airport
in Phnom Penh and Siem Reap airport. For people arriving overland from
Thailand, Vietnam or Laos, visas must be arranged prior to arrival. Point of
entry has to be clearly mentioned on the visa application.
If you are traveling
in Cambodia from October to March warm clothes are recommended and
especially appropriate in the northern area.
In the south, light clothing is a must year round
Although you can find these products in Cambodia, we also recommend that you
take products for mosquitoes, and for the sun; a cap or a hat, sunglasses, a
raincoat and a small bag to carry a few things in case you have to leave
your large suitcases at the hotel for a few days.